Bio-technology is the modern practice of science which is used for the development of superior quality products from different kind of substances or living organisms and further utilized for benefit of human beings. Fermentation is regarded as the first process involving Bio-technology. Fermentation is the process which is used for the production of Alcoholic beverages, vinegar etc. Later on the production of milk, cheese (all dairy products), Citric acid, glycerol, etc. was made by the help of Bio-Technology.
Now Bio-Technology has taken a broad way from fermentation to the concept of recombinant DNA technology. The organisms included in Bio-Technology ranges from micro-organisms to the larger one. Cell culturing, Plant tissue culture, genetic engineering, bio-mining, vaccines for different diseases etc. all are the branch of Bio-Technology. The concept of plant tissue culture can be utilized to grow a disease free crop. It can be used to yield high amount of crops in short period of time.
Bio-Technology includes various fields. In context of Nepal the use of Bio-technology can further lead us to the progressive development in the field of agriculture, horticulture, fish farming, poultry farming, etc. by using the superior quality products which is beneficial for us. In cases of crimes the concept of DNA fingerprinting can be used to determine the ‘father-child’ relation. Tissue (Organ transplantation) is nowadays possible due to the Bio-Technology. People who lose their kidney, liver, eyes etc. nowadays can be transplanted. Different types of medicines in Pharmacy can be prepared by the means of biotechnology.
Bio-technology in context of Nepal can be used in manufacturing many raw products into suitable one. Through biotechnology, we can improve the breeds and grow unique varieties of plants in short period of time, which is very beneficial in countries like Nepal for earning and increasing the rate of productivity.
Nepal is small but uniquely diverse country with wide range of agro-ecological and socio-economic condition. The diversity of our country demand the wide range of modern technology but the private sector is way too weak to develop and gain its proper and modern involvement in the sector of biotechnology. In some remote district, the crops gets rotten because of less transportation and access to those places, so fermentation technology can be used and can be sold as alcoholic beverages or can be used as medicine. Since the decades people have been using traditional yeast ‘Marcha’ for the production of alcohol through fermentation. Different types of medicines can be made by utilizing local resource through bio-technology. Hybrid vigor plants can also be cultivated through the means of biotechnology.
Bio-technology in context of Nepal can be used in manufacturing many raw products into suitable one. Through biotechnology we can improve the breeds and grow unique varieties of plants in short period of time, which is very beneficial in countries like Nepal for earning and increasing the rate of productivity. Implementation of biotechnology in many sectors can help to improve our economic standard and also help us by making our work easier. It is one of the best way of improvising the status of agriculture, horticulture, fish farming, and poultry farming etc. in our country. Even government has to focus more and give priority to biotechnology. Initialization of biotechnology can help to strengthen the economic condition of people as well as of country.